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¿Cómo se comparan las mejores universidades europeas?

En un artículo de Ellie Bothwell en Times Higher Education, se examinan las fortalezas y debilidades de las universidades europeas y se identifican los diferentes aspectos que configurarán las universidades modernas.

La calidad de enseñanza, la investigación, la cantidad y calidad de citas, los ingresos profesionales de los graduados y la internacionalización constituirán las notas más destacadas.

The Times Higher Education, a well-known organization for university rankings, recently published a post detailing the top 200 European universities. Their points of comparison seem to converge in measures of modernity, and include quality of teaching, research environment, number of research citations, international outlook and industry income.

While the UK dominates the table, taking nearly a quarter of places (46), including seven of the top 10, Germany is the second most represented nation, with 36 universities, almost a third of which (11) are in the top 50. The nation’s institutions score particularly highly for their teaching environment: a measure based on reputation for teaching, as well as metrics such as income and numbers of students and doctorates per staff member. They also achieve high average scores for research citations and links with industry.

Finland and Sweden, though smaller nations with lower GDPs also rank highly with 11 universities in the top 200 per 10 million which is higher than the UK, Germany and the Netherlands. Countries in the east and south of Europe generally scored  more poorly in the European ranking. Spain had 5 top universities in the 200.

Countries in these regions either perform relatively weakly (Estonia, Spain, Italy, Greece and Portugal) or do not appear at all in the top 200 (Poland, Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria and the whole of the former Yugoslavia).

Reino Unido domina en los rankings por su fortaleza en cada uno de los criterios. Es el país con más capacidad de competir con el sistema universitario de los Estados Unidos. Alemania está en segundo lugar con 36 universidades. En términos generales, el artículo resalta que los países del oeste y el norte de Europa tienen mejor posición en el ranking.

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*Referencia elaborada por Hannah Taylor y Miguel Ángel Sancho para univerdad.

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